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常用经济、生活英文/中文词汇(三)
H.

~指数宽幅震荡 ~ index fluctuated violently

获薄利 earn (make) narrow profits

获厚利 earn (make, reap) substantial profits

函授大学 correspondence university

旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park

汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software

航母 aircraft carrier

豪赌 unrestrained gambling

好事不出门,恶事传千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide.

好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster

"好球" "Strike"

引导消费 guide consumption

合议庭 collegiate bench

核销 cancel after verification

黑店 gangster inn

黑客 hacker

黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland

宏观调控 macro-control

红包 (中)red paper containing money as a gift, (贬) bribe, kickback

红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO)

环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim

后防空虚 leave the defense exposed

后台管理 back-stage management

呼啦圈 hu la hoop

互动广告 interactive advertisement

户口簿 residence booklet

户口管理制度 domicile system, residence registration system

户主 head of a household

护身法宝 amulet

滑板车 scooter

"坏球" "Ball"

黄金时段 prime time

婚介所 matrimonial agency

婚外恋 extramarital love

活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn.

火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology)

货币化 monetization

货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation

货到付款 cash on delivery

J.

基础设施工程第一期 the first phase of the infrastructure project

积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories)

计划生育 family planning (birth control)

新的经济增长点 new points of economic growth

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技术/劳动/资本/知识密集型产业 technology-intensive/labor-intensive/capital-intensive/knowledge-intensive industries

技术更新/改造 technological updating /renovation

(y for year, k for kilo or thousand)

税收政策 tax collection

物质文明和精神文明建设 material progress and cultural and ethical (cultural and ideological) progress

科技成果商品化、产业化进程 the commercialization and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements

艰苦创业 the hardworking and enterprising

建设性战略伙伴关系 a constructive strategic partnership

减员增效 increase efficiency by downsizing staff

今年第一季度产量比去年同期增长了~ the production increased ~ between January and March compared the corresponding period (the same time ) last year

金融机构 financial institutions

经济发展全球化的趋势 the globalization trend in economic development

经济法制化 to manage economic affairs according to law;

to put economic operation on a legal basis

经济技术开发区 an economic and technological development zone

经济市场化/私有化 the mercerization/privatization of the economy

经济特区 a special economic zone

经济体制改革 economic restructuring

经济萎缩/起飞/兴旺 an economic depression (slump, recession)/an economic takeoff/an economic boom

经济转轨 switch to a market economy

精品 competitive products

竞争意识 competitive spirit

就业前和在职培训 pre-employment and on-the-job (in-service) training

K.

科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute the primary productive force.

克隆 clone

扣除通货膨胀因素后的人均实际年收入 the annual per-captia income in real terms (allowing for inflation )

跨国公司 transnational corporation (transactional, multinational corporation ,multinational)

扩大/缩小地区发展差距 widen/narrow the gap/disparity between regions/localities in terms of development

L.

劳务输出 export of labor services

劳务招聘会 a labor fair; a job fair

联防 community/team policing

连续~年丰收 bumper harvests for ~ consecutive years (for ~ years in row ;for ~ years running ;for ~ years on end)

练摊 to be a vendor (do business)

 

M.

~对~升值 ~ the currency to the ~

名牌产品 famous-brand products ,brand named product

母公司/子公司/分公司/办事处 the parent company /subsidiary/branch/branch/representative office

N.

耐用消费品 consumer durables

内耗 in-fighting

农副业产品 agricultural (farm) and sideline products

农村/城市信用合作社 rural/urban credit cooperatives

牛市/熊市 a bull/bear market

O.

欧元 Euro

P.

派出所 local police station

泡沫经济 bubble economy

配股 allotment of shares

配套政策 supporting policies

培养跨世纪人才 bring up (foster) cross-century (trans-century) specialists

碰钉子 get snubbed

碰头会 brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.)

疲软股票 soft stock

啤酒肚 beer belly

票房 box office

骗汇、逃汇、套汇 obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage

拼图 jigsaw

贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor

平均主义 equalitarianism

平面设计师 graphic designer

评头论足 nit-pick

瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions
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