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常用经济、生活英文/中文词汇(二)
D.

达到或接近国际先进水平 reach or approach advanced international standards

打破地区封锁和行业垄断 break regional blockades and trade monopolies

打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

打假 crack down on counterfeit goods

打破僵局 break the deadlock

大轰动 blockbuster

大力扣杀 hammer

大路货 staple goods

大满贯 grand slam

大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener

大款 tycoon

大排挡 sidewalk snack booth; large stall

大胜 white wash

大腕 top notch

大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series

大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking

大要案 major and serious criminal cases

大专生 junior college student

大专文凭 associate degree

呆帐与坏帐 stagnant debts and bad debts ;non performing funds

带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits

待岗 await job assignment, post-waiting

待业 job-waiting

代职 function in an acting capacity

单循环制 single round-robin system

当日指数已~点收盘 the index closed finished ended at ~ on that day

道琼斯工业平均指数飙升至~点 the Dow Jones industrial index average soared to ~ points

盗版VCD pirated VCD

盗打(电话) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means

倒计时 countdown

等外品 off-grade goods, rejects

低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)

第三产业 third/tertiary industry, service sector, third sequence of enterprises

第四产业 quaternary/information industry

第一/第二/第三产业 the primary/secondary/tertiary industry (the service sector)

第三代移动电话(3G手机) third generation mobile; 3G mobile

第一发球权 first inning

第一发球员 first server

第一双打 first pair

地区差异 regional disparity

地热资源 geothermal resources

地市级城市 prefecture-level city

点子公司 consultancy company

电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number

电话会议 teleconference

电视直销 TV home shopping

电子商务认证 e-business certification

吊球 drop shot

吊销执照 revoke license

定向培训 training for specific posts

独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

短期债务 floating debt

对冲基金 hedge fund

对外招商 attract foreign investment

队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband

多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

夺冠 take the crown

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E.

厄尔尼诺 El Nino

恶性循环 vicious circle

遏制通货膨胀 curb (check, curtail) the inflation

F.
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发行股票、债券 issue shares and bonds

发优惠券以促销 issue discount shopping coupons to promote sales

文学艺术、新闻出版、广播影视 literature, the arts, the press, publications, radio, film and television; promote literature and art, the press and publishing, radio, film and television

新兴产业和高技术产业 rising and high-tech industries

畜牧业、养殖业、林业 animal husbandry (livestock farming), aquaculture and forestry

反倾销 anti-dumping

防暴警察 riot police

经济过热 overheated economy (overheating of the economy)

扶贫、脱贫 poverty reduction and elimination

妇幼保健 maternity and child care

G.

产业结构和产品结构 the industrial pattern and product mix

该公司股票已经上市 the stock of the company have been listed (have gone public, have been launched)

赶上或超过国际先进水平 catch up with or even surpass advanced world levels

个体户 self-employed households /people

个人所得税 individual income tax

个体工商业者 individual industrialists and businessman

公务员 public servants; civil servants; government functionaries; government employees

股份合作制 the joint stock cooperative system

股份制 the joint stock system

股票热降温 the stock craze has abated

股市指数 the stock market (exchange) index

股市指数突破~点大关 the stock index broke the ~-poit mark

股指暴跌,跌幅~%,以~元探底 the index slumped ~ percent to ~ Yuan

鼓励兼并,规范破产 encourage mergers and standardize bankruptcy procedures

规模经济,减轻就业压力 to ease the pressure of employment (the employment pressure)

国防科技 defence-related science and technology

国际大都市 cosmopolis

国家指定考试 government-mandated test

国家主席/总理/副总理/国务委员/部长/省长/厅、局长/县长/处长/科长 president/premier/vice premier/state councilor/minister/governor/bureau director/county magistrate, county head/department head/ section chief

国家公务员制度 the system of public services

国内生产总值/国民生产总值 GDP (Gross Domestic Product)/ GNP (Gross National Product)

国有资产 State assets
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