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常用经济、生活英文/中文词汇(一)
A.

AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch

艾滋病(获得性免疫缺损综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families

按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost

按揭贷款 mortgage loan

按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance

暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly

暗亏 hidden loss

B.

巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse

把握大局 grasp the overall situation

白马王子 Prince Charming

白色行情表 white sheet

白色农业 white agriculture (also called "white engineering agriculture"; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)

白手起家 starting from scratch

摆架子 put on airs

摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

拜把兄弟 sworn brothers

拜年 pay New Year call

包工包料 contract for labor and materials

经济发展的良好势头 good momentum of growth in the economy

保持股份 keep the shares

保健食品 health-care food

保理业务 factoring business

保护性关税 protective tariffs

保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area

保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas

保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings

《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica

本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip

本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life

笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start.

蹦极 bungee, bungee jumping

比较经济学 comparative economics

比上不足,比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst

闭门羹 given cold-shoulder

边际报酬 marginal return

边缘科学 boundary science

变相涨价 disguised inflation

便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer

标书 bidding documents

表演赛 demonstration match

剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody

博彩(业)lottery industry

博士生 Ph.D candidate

补缺选举 by-election

补贴与反补贴措施 subsidies and countervailing measures

布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system

不败记录 clean record, spotless record

不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

不可再生资源 non-renewable resources

不良贷款 non-performing loan

不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city

不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

步行天桥 foot bridge

C.
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擦边球 edge ball, touch ball

擦网球 net ball

高姿态 magnanimity

市场多元化战略 the strategy of a multi-outlet market

沧海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas--time brings great changes to the world.

What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields--the world is changing all the time.

仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket

草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass)

茶道 sado

查房 make/go the rounds of the wards

产粮大省 granary province

产量比~年增加了~倍 the output has increased ~ times (registered a 3-fold increase; increased 200%)compared with ~

产品结构 product mix

产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management

产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order

产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing

产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies

产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure

长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta

长线产品 product in excessive supply

厂长经理负责制 the factory director (manager) responsibility system

畅通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"

畅销产品 marketable products; products with good market ;commodities in short supply ; goods in great demand.

唱高调 mouth high-sounding words

超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer

超前消费 overconsuming, excessive consumption

城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning

城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比银行存款bankification等摆阔作风,由middle-aged urban yuppie缩合而成)

城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas

重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects

筹备委员会 preparatory committee
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出风头 show off;in the limelight

出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

出口加工区 export processing zones

出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate

出口退税 refunding export taxes

出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports

出家 pravrajana; cloister

传销 multi level marketing

窗口行业 various service trades

创建卫生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city

创汇产品 foreign exchange (hard-currency) earning experts

创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

吹风会 (advanced) briefing

春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival

磁悬浮列车 Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train

刺激内需 stimulate domestic demand

辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.

粗放式管理 extensive management

全球经济一体化 integration with the global economy

富余人员合理流动 rational flow of surplus personnel

住房商品化 the commercialization of housing

存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits
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